Minimally invasive spine surgery has revolutionized
the field within the last two decades. Prior to
its introduction, traditional spine surgery required
extensive dissection of the normal tissues surrounding the spine.
Modern-day minimally invasive surgery can be traced back to the mid 1990's in
Memphis with the invention of the tubular retraction system. Since then, select
minimally invasive-specific approaches, tools, and techniques have evolved to
allow pin-point accuracy in target localization, without excessive collateral
damage to normal, surrounding tissues. These operations are performed
microscopically through a small operating tube that requires an incision typically
less than an inch long.
Minimally invasive techniques typically results in less blood loss and
infections, lower postoperative pain levels, and decreased scarring. Patients generally leave the hospital the same
day as surgery to recover in the comfort of their own homes.